Friday, April 28, 2017

Bioremediation: An Eco-friendly Approach for Polluted Agricultural Soil

A wide variety of synthetic organic compounds are used in agricultural practices. These compounds are used mainly to control pests and increase crop productivity. However, after utilization these agricultural compounds enter into the soil, water, air and plant tissues.
Role of Biotechnology in Human Health Care

Biotechnology covers a broad spectrum of scientific applications that are applied in many sectors including health and agriculture. It involves the usage of living organisms, or its parts in order to deliver innovative methods of production and create new products e.g. new vaccine production (through disease diagnosis) to avoid disease-attack; genetically modified plants (to develop resistance against various pests); bacteria having the ability to cleaning up oil spills etc. All these features are related to biotechnology that is totally applicable to human health care. In other words, biotechnology related to human healthcare has a tremendous impact on the necessity of patients and their families as it not only revolves around medicines and diagnostics that are produced employing a biotechnological process, but also involve gene and cell therapies, recombinant DNA products, tissue engineered products and controlling environment pollution. Today, the majorities of innovative medicines either produced using biotechnology or through diagnostic products, are made readily available to the society by applying modern biotechnology in their development and or expansion processes.
Assessment of Life Cycle Terminology of Non-Mulberry Silk Insect

This review highlights several aspects considered while phrasing the life cycle of non-mulberry silk insect. It may improve the description style of the developmental history of the non-mulberry silk insect in scientific literature.
A Comparative Study of Land use Classification using Remote Sensing Techniques, in and around Selected Sacred Groves of Thiruvananthapuram District

Sacred groves are small forest patches or remnants of forests that are biodiversity-rich areas and revered in the name of God. Rapid urbanization and the concomitant development of infrastructure have taken a heavy toll on these unique ecosystems. The present study has identified and mapped seven selected Sacred groves in Thiruvananthapuram district and also analyzed the land use in the area using Remote Sensing data. The accuracy of unsupervised classification-based image and supervised classification-based predicted land use was compared and Kappa accuracy was assessed. The results showed moderate classification accuracy. The area-wise details of different land use categories were also obtained as part of the study.
Molecular Interactions in DMF Solutions of some Pyrazole Schiff Bases at 308.15 K

The density, ultrasonic velocity and viscosity of solutions of pyrazole Schiff bases in dimethyl formamide have been measured at 308.15 K. From the experimental data, various acoustical parameters such as specific Impedance, isentropic compressibility, Rao’s molar sound function, Van der Waals constant, relaxation strength, intermolecular free length, internal pressure, solvation number, relative association etc. have been evaluated, which helps in understanding the molecular interactions occurring in these solutions.
Study of Physico-Chemical Parameters and Pond Water Quality Assessment by using Water
 Quality Index at Athiyannoor Panchayath, Kerala, India

This study was designed to assess the quality of pond water in Athiyannoor panchayath, Thiruvananthapuram District, Kerala, with respect to the physico-chemical parameters including Temperature, pH, EC (Electrical Conductivity), TDS (Total Dissolved Solids), TA (Total  Alkalinity), DO (Dissolved oxygen), TH (Total Hardness), NaCl (Salinity), Ca (Calcium), Mg (Magnesium), Cl (Chloride), Na (Sodium) and K (Potassium). The results were evaluated and compared with WHO and BIS water quality standards. From the data obtained, the water quality index was calculated to quantify overall pond water quality status of the area. It is found that based on the WQI results the samples are falling under excellent category and hence suitable for domestic purposes.

Documentation of Medicinal Plants based on Traditional Practices in the IndoBurma Hotspots Region of Mizoram, North East India

Present research is based on the documentation of the medicinal plants used in indigenous systems in Indo-Burma Hotspots Region of Mizoram, North East India. A total of 207 ethno-medicinal plants, 36 ethno-veterinary plants and 29 other usage plants were recorded from different regions of Mizoram. A detailed list of recorded plants with their effective usage and mode of administration has been provided.
Monitoring of Scarab Beetles using Light Trap in Horticulture Field of Paklihawa Campus, Rupandehi, Nepal

An experiment was conducted in Horticulture field of Institute of Agriculture and Animal Science (IAAS), Paklihawa, Nepal to know the status of Scarabaeid beetle species and population by using light trap. Weekly monitoring of scarabaeid beetles adults with 85 watt vapor lights run from dawn to dusk during April, May, June and July in a field with multiple crops in 2014 showed that beetle populations were higher in May and June than in April and July. Overall, 227 specimens of Scarabaeid beetles were collected and 36% were Coprius indicus (Blanchard), 18% were Anomala mongiloca (Faldermann), 11% were Holotrichia spp., 9% were Cyclocephala spp., 8% were Phyllophaga spp., 6% were Heteronuchus lioderes (Redtenbachen), 5% were Onthophagus madoqua (Arrow), 5% were Alissonotum binodulum (Fairmaire), 2% were Maladera castanea (Arrow), and 0.5% (1 beetle) was Popillia birmaniaca (Arrow).
Study of Sewage Treatment Plant in Trivandrum Corporation Using Remote Sensing and GIS Techniques

Sewage waste represents a threat to the environment and human health if not handled or disposed of properly. The present work aims to analyze the sewage network system of the sewage treatment plant of Thiruvananthapuram corporation situated at Muttathara, its functioning and land use pattern in the vicinity of 1.5 km around it using remote sensing and GIS techniques. Results of this study could aid in evolving relevant management strategies to improve the sewage water treatment management in Trivandrum Corporation.